Edakkal Caves, Wayanad

Edakkal Caves, Wayanad - www.sanchari.org
25 kms away from Kalpetta lays two caves which showcases nature’s skill and philosophy on architecture. These caves are located 1,200 m above the sea level on Ambukutty Mala. The name ‘Edakkal’ literally means ‘a stone in between’. Here you can see a cave formed by a heavy boulder straddling a fissure in the rock.
Edakkal Caves, Wayanad - www.sanchari.org
The caves were discovered by Fred Fawcett, the then Superintendent of Police of the Malabar district in 1890, during his hunting trip to Wayanad. He discovered the Edakkal rock-shelter, situated on the western side of Edakkalmala. To his surprise, he identified the place as a habitat of Neolothic people.
Edakkal Caves, Wayanad - www.sanchari.org
Edakkal caves are famous for its pictorial paintings (cave paintings), which are considered to be of 6000 B C. Edakkal is the only known place for stone age carvings in South India. To reach the caves, one has to trek through the Ambukutty Mala. It will take around 45 minutes to climb the hill and you will never get disappointed in your trip to these historic caves.
Edakkal Caves, Wayanad - www.sanchari.org
Inside the cave, you can see two chambers. The lower chamber is 18 ft long, 12 ft wide and 10 ft high and the upper chamber is 96 ft long, 22 ft wide and 18 ft high. You can sight carvings of human, animal figures and objects used by humans, on the walls of the caves. These carvings give great evidence for a highly civilized society who lived in the pre-historic age. Edakkal caves have drawn great attention of archeologists and historians worldwide.
Edakkal Caves, Wayanad - www.sanchari.org
The rock surface is full of linear motifs and one can see weird shaped figures, crosses, triangles, tridents, squares, stars, wheels, spirals, plant motifs, pot shaped items, various animals and human figures.  Many of the human figures have raised hair, some have masked faces and all these figures are eye-catching and have archaeological significance. Apart from these pictorial carvings, ancient inscriptions including a Tamil Brahmi script have been identified from the caves. 
The visiting time to Edakkal caves is from morning 9:30 to evening 4:30. You can reach the lower part of the Ambukutty hills via bus or car and from there you have to climb the hills.
  • Location : Edakkal Caves near Ambalavayal, Wayanad
  • Nearest Railway Station : Kozhikode
  • Nearest Bus Station : Sultan Bathery
  • Nearest Airports : Kozhikode (111 kms)